Every 13 seconds, someone in the U.S. sustains a traumatic brain injury (TBI). A TBI is caused by a blow to the head or a penetrating head injury that disrupts the normal function of the brain and causes bruising, swelling or tearing of brain tissue. This can range from a mild concussion to a severe head injury. We recognize Brain Injury Awareness Month during March to promote education and awareness about brain injury.

It can be difficult to tell the difference between a simple bump on the head and something more serious. Knowing the symptoms of a TBI can help you to determine the best course of action. Symptoms can range from mild to severe and may last for hours, days, weeks or longer.

Symptoms may include:

  • Loss of consciousness for a few seconds to a few minutes
  • Feeling disoriented, dazed or confused
  • Headache
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Sleeping more or less than usual
  • Dizziness
  • Vision problems
  • Loss of balance

Did You Know?

  • According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), an estimated 2.5 million adults and children sustain TBIs in the U.S. each year.
  • Falls are the leading cause of TBI.
  • Every day, 137 people in the U.S. die because of a TBI-related injury.

With rest, most people will fully recover from a mild brain jury. People who have previously experienced a brain injury are at greater risk of having another one and may take longer to recover. Recovery may be slower for older adults, young children and teens.

If you develop symptoms at any time after a hit to the head, it is important to see a doctor to determine if you have a brain injury. Adventist HealthCare’s comprehensive neuroscience services include diagnosis and treatment for brain injuries.