Did you know 80% of all strokes are preventable? Stroke is a disease that affects the arteries leading to and within the brain. It is the fifth most common cause of death and a leading cause of disability in the United States. Spread awareness by recognizing American Stroke Month every May. See tips below from American Stroke Association about stroke warning signs. If you suspect someone is suffering from a stroke, call 911 right away.

Stroke Facts

  • A stroke occurs when a blood vessel that carries oxygen and nutrients to the brain is either blocked by a clot or bursts.
  • As a result of lack of oxygen, nearly 2 million brain cells die every minute a stroke goes untreated.
  • Stroke can be caused either by a clot obstructing the flow of blood to the brain (called an ischemic stroke) or by a blood vessel rupturing and preventing blood flow to the brain (called a hemorrhagic stroke).
  • A TIA (transient ischemic attack), or “mini stroke,” is caused by a temporary clot.

Risk Factors for Stroke

  • Age
  • Family history
  • Race
  • Gender
  • Previous personal history

There are some risk factors that can be changed, treated, or controlled. These risks include:

  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol Diet high in saturated fat, trans fat, and cholesterol
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Amount of physical activity
  • Obesity

To learn more about risk factors and ways to improve your lifestyle, visit the American Stroke Association.

Sources: American Heart Association, American Stroke Association, LifeWork Strategies, and Adventist HealthCare. The Health Tip of the Week is for educational purposes only. For medical advice, consult your physician. Feel free to copy and distribute this health resource.