People are coughing, sneezing and blowing their nose. It’s that time of year we all dread – cold and flu season. Nurse Rose Melendez, RN, shares her tips on how to treat and prevent the common cold.
What are the symptoms of the common cold?
Typically, symptoms of the common cold will resolve in a few days, which include:
● Sore Throat
● Runny or stuffy nose
● Slight body aches or mild headache
If you experience any of these symptoms paired with fever, chills, chest pain or symptoms do not improve within 10 days, see your doctor immediately.
When should you see the doctor?
Since there is no cure for the common cold except rest, you can ease your symptoms by:
● Staying Hydrated. Water, juice, or clear broth to prevent dehydration. Warm liquids, such as chicken soup or tea, might soothe and ease congestion.
● Soothe a sore throat. Ice chips, sore throat sprays, tea with honey, or a mixture of warm water and 1 teaspoon of salt can temporarily soothe a sore or scratchy throat.
● Combating Stuffiness. Over-the-counter saline nasal drops can help a stuffy nose. A humidifier can add moisture to your home and help loosen the congestion.
● Trying cold medicine or pain reliever. Over-the-counter decongestants, antihistamines and pain relievers might offer symptom relief. Ask your doctor for the correct dose for your child’s age and weight.
What remedies can alleviate symptoms
The best way to prevent the spread of illness is:
● Avoid close contact with people who are sick and keep your distance if you’re sick.
● Wash your hands often and carry hand sanitizer.
● Cover your mouth and nose when sneezing or coughing.
● Avoid touching your face and in your mouth, nose and eyes.
● Practice good health habits like disinfecting touched surfaces, getting lots of sleep, being physically active, drinking fluids and eating nutritious foods.
● Stay home when you’re sick.